Ornamental plants banned in Russia

As of July 1, phytosanitary reasons, the Russian government has banned the entry of ornamental plants throughout the country. Read a letter:


 

Federal Service for Veterinary and

Phytosanitary Surveillance

Orlikov per., 1/11

107139, Moscow 84

Russian Federation

Phone: (7 499) 975 43 47

Fax: (7 499) 605 51 11

E-mail: Esta dirección de correo electrónico está protegida contra spambots. Usted necesita tener Javascript activado para poder verla. Esta dirección de correo electrónico está protegida contra spambots. Usted necesita tener Javascript activado para poder verla.

 http://www.fsvps.ru

Date: June 28 2013, Ref. No.: FS-SD-3/8043

To: Mr. Ladislav Miko

Deputy Director General

Health and Consumers Directorate-General

European Commission (DG SANCO)

Dear Mr. Miko,

The Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary surveillance has studied Your letter from 18.06.2013 № Ares (2013)2265784 and reports as follows.

Unfortunately, the new measures presented by the European side will not provide realization of the obligations of the Russian Federation subject to its joining the WTO.

For example, a pre-export certificate which is proposed to be issued for a certain range of European quarantinable products is not supported by responsibility for the phytosanitary state of the EU member country which supplies the products in case nonconformity is found, taking into account the specifics of free-movement of the quarantinable products inside the EU and non-mandatory character of the certificate.

 

At the same time, according to the information from the European side, food potato will not be accompanied by the mentioned document, which, in the opinion of the Rosselkhoznadzor, could not be acceptable due to the fact that exactly the food potato infected by the objects which are quarantine for Russia is shipped to the territory of the Russian Federation and is most often used in the Russian Federation for planting in both private household plots and on commercial scale.

The proposal of the European side to place information about free zones, locations and territories of manufacturing of planting material on the territory of the EU member countries on a web-site also cannot be supported by the Rosselkhoznadzor due to the fact that it is not clear how and who will form the lists, and who will be responsible in case the objects which are quarantine for Russia are detected in the products.

At the same time the previously given by the European side official guarantees of following the Russian phytosanitary requirements in full when shipping the quarantinable products from the EU to the territory of the Russian Federation failed to ensure supplies of quarantinable products which correspond to Russian and international phytosanitary requirements to the territory of the Russian Federation from the EU. This again confirmed that the phytosanitary surveillance system in the EU member countries is inefficient.

Golden nematode of potato (Globodera rostochiensis (Woll)) – quarantinable object for Russia - was detected again in two cases in supplies of potato from the Netherlands to Russia in June 2013 (after the deadline for introducing the limitations for certain European products was postponed). Shipment of planting material (14 trees) from the Netherlands’ Royal palace-museum “Het Loo” (Amsterdam) to Saint-Petersburg was executed without its control on the territory of the EU member states. Netherlands was the exporting country and Estonia was the country through the check-points of which the planting material was imported into the territory of the Russian Federation. The planting material was also not accompanied by the phytosanitary certificate issued by the national organization for quarantine and plants protection of the EU member state.

The given examples once again confirmed the declarative character of the announced measures of the European side.

On this basis, we believe that the measures presented by the European side and planned to be introduced starting from August 1, 2013 are also not focused on prevention of quarantinable product import into the territory of the Russian Federation in accordance with the Russian and international phytosanitary requirements.

We would also like to draw Your attention to the fact that the requirement of the Russian Federation for supplies of planting materials to be only from zones, locations and territories of manufacturing admitted free from objects which are quarantine for Russia corresponds to the following: Russia’s WTO accession obligations, the Agreement on Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, the International Plant Protection Convention (Rome, 1951, revision of 1997), the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures, and the Rules for Ensuring Plant Quarantine in Import of Quarantinable Products into the Russian Federation, and Its Storage, Transportation, Processing and Use approved by Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation of 29.12.2010 No.456.

We are somewhat puzzled by Your proposal (based on the provided by the Russian side and not regulated by anything ‘file’ for each type of product and rolling out an audit on the territory of the Russian Federation based on the results of studying this file) to cancel the limitations for two types of Russian quarantinable products, which have existed for 13 years, because the existence of the measures breaks the main rules of the World Trade Organization (scientific groundlessness and discrimination in international trade).

Moreover, since the European side stated (in letter to the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation of 31.05.2013 № Ares (2013) 15703345) to receive only 5 notifications on non-conformity of European planting material to the Russian phytosanitary requirements and 15 notifications related to pot plants we would like to pay Your attention to the fact that probably effective cooperation of the European side with the EU member countries has not been achieved yet.

Notifications were sent to the national organizations for quarantine and plant protection of EU member countries as described below.

From 2010 till the present moment 104 notifications about detecting 3 types of objects which are quarantine for Russia (Globodera rostochiensis (Woll.), potato moth (Phthorimaea opereulella) and Giobodera pallida (Stone) Behrens) in food potatoes have been sent to Germany, Belgium, the UK, Spain, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Finland, France and Czech Republic.

From 2011 till the present moment, 16 notifications of detecting 4 types of objects which are quarantine for Russia (Frankliniella occidentalis Perg., Grapholitha molesta Busck., Quadraspidiotus pemieiosus Comst., Plum pox potyvirus) in planting material have been sent to Italy, Lithuania, Hungary, Czech Republic and France.

From 2012 till the present moment, 195 notifications of detecting 3 types of objects which are quarantine for Russia (Puccinia horiana P. Henn., Frankliniella occidentalis Perg., Bemisia tabaci) in pot plants have been sent to Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Slovakia, and Czech Republic.

Subject to the aforesaid and taking into consideration that the measures aimed at preventing violations of international and Russian phytosanitary requirements proposed by the European side do not support fulfillment by the Russian Federation of its obligations subject to joining the WTO and the measures taken by the EU member countries aimed at strengthening phytosanitary control over the quarantinable products shipped to the territory of the Russian Federation do not bring the desired results which is evidenced by systematic cases of detection of objects which are quarantine for Russia in quarantinable European products, which proves their declarative character and subject to the International Plant Protection Convention (Rome, 1951, revision of 1997), and the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures we believe it necessary to introduce temporary limitations over supplies of seed and food potato and planting material to the territory of the Russian Federation from the EU member countries starting from July 1, 2013 except for planting materials from the nurseries located on the territory of the EU member countries which were confirmed subject to related international standards to be places, zones and territories of production free of objects which are quarantine for Russia upon results of joint inspections with participation of Russian specialists in the sphere of quarantine.

Please accept, Mr. Miko, my assurances in my highest consideration.

JoomSpirit